HIV was nearly 50 percent less fatal in 2018 than it was a decade earlier in 2010, new data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reveal.
The sexually transmitted infection was once treated as a death sentence, but with the advent of better antiretrovirals, including Gilead’s blockbuster Truvada and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), fewer people are developing HIV, and those who are HIV positive can expect to develop a disease. Normal lifespan.
Even over the past decade, the outlook for HIV-positive people has improved dramatically, the CDC found.
The number of HIV deaths among positive people has fallen 48.44 percent since 2010, the CDC found.
HIV death rate fell by nearly 50% between 2010 and 2018, amid the advent of highly effective antiretroviral drugs and preventatives, CDC data found
In 2010, 9.1 out of 1,000 people who became infected with HIV died from the virus.
But in 2018 that percentage had dropped to just 4.7 of all HIV positive people.
That’s a long way from the historical deadliness of the disease.
HIV is a highly contagious and devastating virus that can be sexually transmitted or spread through needle sharing.
Left to its own devices in the body, the persistent virus can devastate the immune system, become AIDS – acquired immunodeficiency syndrome – and make people extremely vulnerable to secondary infections that would be nothing more than a nuisance to others, but deadly for people with HIV .
After it was identified in 1981, HIV became the second leading cause of death among people aged 25-44.
The death rate peaked in 1995, killing more than 16 of every 100,000 people who died in the U.S.
Thanks in part to the work of the best infectious disease physician Dr. Anthony Fauci and outspoken advocates, especially from the gay community, HIV-positive people today live an average of 77 years, which is comparable to the 78.5 years of life that are HIV-negative. people can expect to live.
Antiretroviral cocktails prevent HIV from replicating, which means that they largely leave other cells alone and are rarely passed on.
As a result, today’s death rate is much lower. In 2010, 16,742 HIV-positive people died of HIV. The number of fatalities from the infection dropped to 15,483 in 2018.
All-cause deaths among HIV-positive people have decreased, but not as much as those from the STI itself.
Non-HIV-related deaths among HIV-positive Americans also decreased, but by a less dramatic 8.6 percent, the CDC found.
This suggests that while HIV itself kills fewer people who contract the disease, other health problems – including heart disease, substance abuse, and diabetes – may still be too much of a burden for this group.
“ The number of deaths among individuals with HIV has declined and by 2018 it had exceeded the 2020 national target, mainly due to a decrease in HIV-related deaths, ” the CDC wrote.
Deaths from HIV infection have likely decreased due to improvements in infection diagnosis and in treatment and medical care.
However, there are still differences in HIV-related death rates for multiple populations. Early diagnosis of HIV infection, immediate treatment, and access to high-quality care and treatment throughout life can improve life expectancy and reduce differences in death rates across population groups. ‘